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Drought Risk Management in Karamoja: A Review of Functionality and Capacity

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KRSU Publication

Alcohol Consumption, Production and Sale in Karamoja

March 2021
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Alcohol consumption in Karamoja, Uganda’s pastoralist-dominated northeastern region, is a well-known and frequently discussed phenomenon in the policy and practice space. Brews made locally of sorghum and maize have sociocultural, nutritional and economic significance. Brewing also serves as a relatively stable and lucrative economic activity for women, in addition to featuring prominently in the adult diet. However, an emerging trend in alcohol use that has become a cause for concern among health officials, development practitioners and, especially, community members themselves is the rise in consumption of hard spirits. The import and production of homemade crude liquor and commercial gin (waragi) into Karamoja is said to have increased dramatically in recent years. Reportedly, its consumption has had visible effects on household economy, interpersonal relationships, and the health and wellbeing of the communities.

KRSU Publication

Gender, youth and development in Karamoja: Issues and opportunities

February 2021
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Livelihood systems in the Karamoja sub-region of northeastern Uganda have undergone substantial changes in the past two decades due to a number of interlinked processes, including disarmament and improved security, the erosion of pastoral-based production for many households, and the expansion of markets. These transformations have brought new social and economic options for many young people at the same time that existing ecological, cultural and political constraints shape the ways in which these opportunities can be realized. This briefing paper presents evidence from data collected by Feinstein International Center, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University under the Apolou Activity on development opportunities and challenges facing young men and women in the region.

KRSU Publication

Rapid Assessment of COVID-19 impacts in Karamoja, Uganda

September 2020
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

This technical report describes the impacts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) restrictions in the Karamoja sub-region of Uganda, based on field assessments in Amudat, Moroto and Abim Districts. The COVID-19 prevention guidelines that prompted total lockdown measures included market closure and travel restrictions which in turn affected the essential economic activities of many households, especially the poor. These restrictions were implemented in March 2020 and were still in place in August 2020.

KRSU Publication

The Productivity and Economic Value of Livestock in Karamoja Sub-Region, Uganda

July 2019
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Across the East Africa region livestock are an important asset for rural households, and livestock products contribute to human nutrition, and to local, national and regional economies. However, in some countries there has been a longstanding issue of under-investment in the livestock sector, and this problem has been associated with official underestimates of livestock’s contribution to national economies.

KRSU Publication

Pastoralism in Uganda Theory, Practice, and Policy

June 2019
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

This textbook is a general reference on pastoralism theory, practice, and policy. It enables students and other readers from various professional backgrounds to understand how pastoralism functions as a system, its contributions to local, national, regional, and global economies and sustainable environmental management, and its role in promoting peace and harmony between pastoral and other communities.

KRSU Publication

Certification Test Training For Adaptation and Roll-out of Pastoralism and Policy Course

May 2019
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU), in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), commissioned the adaptation and roll-out of the East African Pastoralism and Policy Course (PPC) and has completed the final training of trainers (ToT) course.

KRSU Publication

Fifth Training of Trainers Workshop for Roll-out of Pastoralism and Policy Course

April 2019
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU), in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), commissioned the adaptation and roll-out of the East African Pastoralism and Policy Course (PPC) and has completed the final training of trainer’s (ToT) course.

KRSU Publication

Fourth Training of Trainers Workshop for Roll-out of Pastoralism and Policy Course

February 2019
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU), in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), commissioned the adaptation and roll-out of the East African Pastoralism and Policy Course (PPC) and has completed the final training of trainer’s (ToT) course.

KRSU Publication

Hidden Peaks: Women’s Knowledge on the Seasonality and Root Causes of Child Malnutrition in Karamoja, Uganda and Their Programming Preferences

November 2018
By: Andy Catley, Charles Hopkins, Raphael Lotira

This report from the KRSU uses participatory epidemiology to understand women’s knowledge on the seasonality and causes of child malnutrition in Karamoja. The report provides important new information on the timing of peaks in child malnutrition, women’s views on the main causes of malnutrition and the relative importance of these causes, and women’s preferences for programs to reduce malnutrition

KRSU Publication

Third Training of Trainers Workshop for Roll-out of Pastoralism and Policy Course

November 2018
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU), in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), commissioned the adaptation and roll-out of the East African Pastoralism and Policy Course (PPC) and has completed the final training of trainer’s (ToT) course.

KRSU Publication

Livestock and Poverty in Karamoja – An Analysis of Livestock Ownership, Thresholds, and Policy Implications

October 2018
By: Andy Catley, Mesfin Ayele

This report analyses poverty in Karamoja from the perspective of livestock ownership, and uses a livestock threshold to categorize households as poor and non-poor. High levels of livestock poverty are then discussed in relation to programming and policy options

KRSU Publication

The Silent Gun: Changes in Alcohol Production, Sale and Consumption in Post-disarmament Karamoja, Uganda

September 2018
By: Elizabeth Stites, J Sekajja, P Iyer

Investigation into changes in alcohol production, sale, and consumption in Karamoja since the start of the 2006 disarmament campaign.

KRSU Publication

Second Training of Trainers Workshop for Roll-out of Pastoralism and Policy Course

June 2018
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU), in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), commissioned the adaptation and roll-out of the East African Pastoralism and Policy Course (PPC) and has completed the final training of trainer’s (ToT) course.

KRSU Publication

Livestock Trade Dynamics in Karamoja

March 2018
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

In early 2016, a detailed report on livestock marketing in Karamoja, Uganda was published by the USAID/East Africa Resilience Learning Project, and described a dynamic trade and supply of livestock to markets in Uganda, Kenya, and South Sudan.

KRSU Publication

Agricultural Development in Karamoja, Uganda: Recent Trends in Livestock and Crop Systems, and Resilience Impacts

March 2018
By: Adrian Cullis

This review by the KRSU examines policy and programming on livestock and crop production in Karamoja’s drylands, and makes recommendations to take account of Karamoja’s unique environment within Uganda.

KRSU Publication

Training of Trainers Pastoralism and Pastoral Policy Course (One)

March 2018
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU), in partnership with the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED), commissioned the adaptation and roll-out of the East African Pastoralism and Policy Course (PPC) and has completed the final training of trainer’s (ToT) course.

KRSU Publication

Donor Mapping Report

November 2017
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

This report summarizes planned humanitarian and development activities of nine bilateral donors in the Karamoja sub-region in 2018.

KRSU Publication

Policy Contexts in Karamoja: Reviewing African Regional Policies on Pastoralism and Livestock

October 2017
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

This review examines regional policies and programming initiatives in East Africa and the Horn of Africa related to pastoral areas development, and their relevance to the Karamoja Region of Uganda.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment for Karamoja Sub-region

January 2018
By: Saul Onyango

The overall aim of the Karamoja FSNA was to determine the extent and severity of malnutrition in different age groups and food security of households as well as monitor selected food security, nutrition, health, water and sanitation indicators to assess programme performance

KRSU Publication

Livestock Trade in Karamoja Uganda – An Update of Market Dynamics and Trends

December 2017
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The KRSU has released an update on livestock marketing in Karamoja, providing comprehensive information on markets dynamics, price and volume trends, and other market performance indicators.

Mining in Uganda – A conflict sensitive analysis

August 2017
By: Saferworld

This study examines if mining sector frameworks in Uganda can support peaceful, transparent and mutually beneficial mineral extractions in Uganda. The study explores the perceptions and attitudes of: communities living in and around mining areas; government officials in mineral holding districts; and mining company officials. It focuses on how communities are affected by mining activities.

Status and trends of rangelands in Central Karamoja, recommendations for enhancement of livestock production

July 2017
By: Daniel K Aleper, Martine Nyeko, Mary Namaganda

The study on rangeland management was conducted in the context of decades of livestock keeping, recent increase in cultivation and sedentarisation and climate change. The assessment assess the status of the rangeland using species composition, abundance, ecology, plant associations, and soil cover indices. It also document traditional methods of rangeland management, knowledge, practices and opportunities and in addition locate, and appraise Water Harvesting Sites and also estimate stock numbers and carrying capacity.

Five Years On: Livelihood Advances, Innovations, and Continuing Challenges in Karamoja, Uganda

September 2017
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites, Kimberly Howe

The report is part of an evaluation of the Growth, Health and Governance Program, that measures changes in product service utilization and livelihood development and pragmatic innovations in Karamoja region.

KRSU Publication

Looking for Work: Wage Labor and Migration in Karamoja

August 2017
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

The main purpose of this assessment is to document and analyze trends in labor and employment in the non-pastoral labor sectors within and outside Karamoja, and to investigate how individual- and macrolevel factors influence participation in the labor market.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Sub-Region – Abim

July 2017
By: Barbara Nalubanga, Cecil De Bustos, Edgar Wabyona, Gerald Onyango, Saul Onyango, Siddharth Krishnaswamy

Abim is one of the districts in Karamoja subregion faced with chronic food insecurity coupled with high levels of malnutrition that are of public health concern.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Sub-Region – Amudat

July 2017
By: Barbara Nalubanga, Cecil De Bustos, Edgar Wabyona, Gerald Onyango, Saul Onyango, Siddharth Krishnaswamy

Amudat is one of the districts in the Karamoja sub-region faced with chronic food insecurity coupled with high levels of malnutrition that are of public health concern.

The Education System in Karamoja

July 2017
By: Marion Kelly, Travor Mabugu, Victoria Brown

The report is an assessment of education services in Karamoja. It analyses the social cultural and political context and its impact on education in Karamoja. The primary objective of the assessment is: review evidence and historical accounts of educational interventions in Karamoja and, analyses administrative and performance of schools.

Karamoja Region Market Assessment in Uganda

July 2017
By: World Food Programme

The assessment analyses a set of market indicators including: food availability in markets, food prices, trader’s response capacity, market access, household dependence on markets, safety and security issues, infrastructural development (road connectivity; banking and other financial institutions; mobile money)

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Sub-Region – Moroto

July 2017
By: Barbara Nalubanga, Cecil De Bustos, Edgar Wabyona, Gerald Onyango, Saul Onyango, Siddharth Krishnaswamy

Moroto is one of the districts in the Karamoja sub-region faced with chronic food insecurity coupled with high levels of malnutrition that are of public health concern.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Sub-Region – Nakapiripirit

July 2017
By: Barbara Nalubanga, Cecil De Bustos, Edgar Wabyona, Gerald Onyango, Saul Onyango, Siddharth Krishnaswamy

Nakapiripirit is one of the districts in the Karamoja sub-region faced with chronic food insecurity coupled with high levels of malnutrition that are of public health concern.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Sub-Region – Kaabong

July 2017
By: Barbara Nalubanga, Cecil De Bustos, Edgar Wabyona, Gerald Onyango, Saul Onyango, Siddharth Krishnaswamy

Kaabong is one of the districts in the Karamoja sub-region faced with chronic food insecurity coupled with high levels of malnutrition that are of public health concern.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Sub-Region – Kotido

July 2017
By: Barbara Nalubanga, Cecil De Bustos, Edgar Wabyona, Gerald Onyango, Saul Onyango, Siddharth Krishnaswamy

Kotido is one of the districts in the Karamoja sub-region faced with chronic food insecurity coupled with high levels of malnutrition that are of public health concern.

Supply Chain Assessment of Nutrition Commodities

December 2016
By: Leen Jille

The objectives of this study are to i) map the current (parallel) supply chains for nutrition commodities; ii) provide recommendations for a more harmonized, effective and efficient supply chain of nutrition commodities in Karamoja specifically; and iii) develop a national strategy for phased effective integration of nutrition commodities that have been managed separately from the mainstream supply chain.

Veterinary Services in Karamoja, Uganda: A Review

November 2016
By: Dawit Abebe

The KRSU has recently completed a comprehensive review of veterinary services in Karamoja. The review covers all aspects of public and private sector service delivery, and reports the persistent high impacts of livestock diseases on livelihoods. The review recommendations include the need for stronger coordination of veterinary projects and programs, better support to community-based systems, and improving linkages between private veterinary pharmacies and community-basd animal health workers.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Sub-Region – Napak District Report

July 2017
By: Barbara Nalubanga, Cecil De Bustos, Edgar Wabyona, Gerald Onyango, Saul Onyango, Siddharth Krishnaswamy

Napak is one of the districts in the Karamoja sub-region faced with chronic food insecurity coupled with high levels of malnutrition that are of public health concern.

KRSU Publication

KRSU Veterinary Support Brief

June 2017
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Across pastoralist areas of East Africa there have been substantial changes to the provision of veterinary services since the 1970s, characterized by the gradual introduction of private sector service providers and community-based delivery systems.

KRSU Publication

Karamoja Donors Mapping Report

November 2016
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

A mapping of 2017 funds to Karamoja from 10 major bilateral and multilateral donors. Additional Information This donor mapping exercise has been compiled by the USAID supported Karamoja Resilience Unit (KRSU), on behalf of the KDPG. This is the second year that the KDPG has produced this mapping exercise. This year it is estimated that these 10 donors will provide €89 million (approx. 380 billion Ugx) during 2017. The analysis provided in this report (see Section 2) demonstrates that this funding is provided across all sectors with a particular focus on the basic service delivery (KIDP strategic objective 1) and food security (KIDP strategic objective 6).

KRSU Publication

Livestock for Livelihoods: Priorities for livestock development in Karamoja, Uganda

September 2016
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

An evidence brief on livestock development in Karamoja, Uganda. Recommendations include revitalization of veterinary services is a priority, water development for livestock, and local land use planning by local governments with communities. The African Union’s Policy Framework for Pastoralism in Africa provides an overarching Africa-wide policy to which new policies on range land and pastoralism in Uganda can be aligned, with recognition of the importance of strategic herd mobility.

Final Assessment Report on the Proposed Karamoja Region Skills Development Project

November 2016
By: Bachu Mubarak

The study aimed at exploring problems accelerating and limiting skills acquisition (BTVET Sector) for the youth in Karamoja region

KRSU Publication

Karamoja NGO Mapping Report

November 2016
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

This mapping exercise has been compiled by the USAID supported Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU), on behalf of the Karamoja Development Partners Group (KDPG). This mapping is based on responses from 54 NGOs (International, National, and Faith Based NGOs) out of a total of 59 organizations identified and contacted, and compiles information collected between June and November 2016. Over time more information will be gathered, and updated maps will be shared with stakeholders.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment

June 2016
By: World Food Programme

Overall food security classification shows that half of the population in Karamoja (50%) is food insecure, of which 12% were found to be severely food insecure.

Coverage assessment of supplementary feeding programmes to treat moderate acute malnutrition in Karamoja Region, Uganda

June 2016
By: Catherine Shepperdley, Nikki Williamson

In 2016, the World Food Programme (WFP) engaged ACF International to conduct an assessment of both supplementary feeding programme (SFP) for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and the outpatient feeding programme (OTP) for the treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM).

Karamoja Strategic Resilience Assessment

August 2016
By: Mercy Corps

The Strategic Resilience Assessment demonstrates how individual, household, communities, governments and non-governmental actors can build resilience to shocks and stresses that threaten progress towards development goals.

A Better Balance: Revitalized Pastoral Livelihoods in Karamoja, Uganda

July 2016
By: Elizabeth Stites, Kimberly Howe, Tsehay Redda

Livelihoods in Karamoja continue to change as security improves; this includes a revitalization of pastoral production for some households. This report details the findings from research undertaken in February and March 2016 in four districts of Karamoja aimed at better understanding the current patterns of pastoral and agro-pastoral production in the region.

Nutrition Causal Analysis

May 2016

The purpose is to go beyond generic interventions by identifying really context-specific causes in order to propose adequate solutions. The seasonality of under-nutrition can for example be very different from one livelihood zone to another. A Link NCA is not a statistical demonstration of nutrition causality that can be generalized at a national level.

Livelihood diversification trends, risks, and programming implications

February 2016

This study explored recent trends in diversification by East African pastoralists, the factors that drive their choices, and the potential short and longer-term consequences of their decisions. It considered the risks and costs of diversified and alternative livelihoods, as well as the benefits. The report presents findings from three case studies from Karamoja in northeastern Uganda, the Borana region of southern Ethiopia, and the Garissa District of northeastern Kenya. It includes policy recommendations regarding land tenure, local value addition around livestock production, and investments in sustainable natural products, local infrastructure, and urban/peri-urban planning. Further recommendations address nutritional issues, the promotion of regional trade, and growing demands for education, training, and business development skills.

KRSU Publication

Livestock in Karamoja: A review of recent literature

June 2016
By: Yacob Aklilu

The review synthesizes the main issues impacting livestock production in the region and identifies critical factors affecting livestock production. This review is drawn largely from the literature produced during the last five years on Karamoja generally, and more specifically on the livestock sector in Karamoja. Additional information was obtained through interviews in Kampala and Moroto with Government and NGO staff in April and May 2016.

Integrated Water Resources Management in Karamoja

May 2016
By: Regina Namara Kamuhanda

The objectives of the gender assessment were 1) To get a clear understanding of the gender dimensions within the catchments; and 2) To identify gender mainstreaming approaches for the project components.

Improving Animal Health and Livestock Production to achieve Food Security in Karamoja

January 2016

This policy brief is an opportunity to give a picture of the desirability of using livestock to improve livelihoods in the Karamoja region by taking advantage of existing policies or propose new ideas that will help exploit the potential of the livestock resource in Karamoja.

Karamoja Livestock Market Assessment Report

January 2016
By: Kurt Rockeman

This report presents an analysis of livestock marketing in the Karamoja region of north-east Uganda. This assesment reviews the current status of livestock marketing and trade in Karamoja, including cross-border trade with Kenya and South Sudan. The assessment explains the economic logic of herd growth in Karamoja as a means to build household financial capital, and questions the notion of Karamojong herders as unresponsive to price and opportunity. The assessment reports a practice of 'trading up' in which bulls are fattened and exchanged for heifers, as well as a dynamic livestock market activity in Karamoja. Key constraints to livestock production are highlighted - weak veterinary services and problems with livestock water supply.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Region

January 2016
By: World Food Programme

Final Report – Support for Strategic Review and Planning to Strengthen DfID’s Work on Gender Equality and Women and Girls Empowerment in Karamoja Region, Uganda

January 2016

The purpose of the review is to strengthen gender equality and women’s and girl’s empowerment. DFID wishes to assess its work to date, in relation to the dynamic and changing social circumstances in the Karamoja, and in relation to inputs by other donors and organisations.

Women’s Empowerment in Uganda: impact evaluation of the project ‘Piloting gender sensitive livelihoods in Karamoja’

December 2015
By: Kanako Yoshikawa, Simon Levine

The Effectiveness Review took place in Kotido district, (Karamoja, Uganda) in August 2014, and set out to evaluate the impact of the project ‘Piloting gender sensitive livelihoods in Karamoja’ on dimensions of women’s empowerment in Karamoja. Project activities were implemented by Oxfam and partner organisations in the Kotido and Kaabong districts, Karamoja region, between July 2011 and March 2014.

Gender Dimensions In The Management And Utilization Of Water For Agricultural Production Among Small Scale Holders In Karamoja And The Implications For Agricultural Production And Productivity

November 2015
By: Buyana Kareem

The report presents desk review findings on the gender dimensions of water for agricultural production, with a focus on Karamoja sub-region in northeastern Uganda, under four thematic areas: i) the gender dimensions of leadership and technical roles at community level; ii) gender considerations in construction, repair and mantainence of water facilities; iii) gender roles in the use of water for agricultural production and productivity; and iv) the implications for agricultural production and productivity. The report seeks to inform the implementation of FAO’s Gender Equality Policy (2013).

“We Now Have Relative Peace”; Changing Conflict Dynamics in Northern Karamoja, Uganda

November 2015
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites, Kimberly Howe

This report reflects research from early 2015 conducted by the Feinstein International Center at the Friedman School of Tufts University and Mercy Corps in northern Karamoja, Uganda. The research examined changing conflict dynamics and related conflict mitigation and peacebuilding initiatives. The objective of the study was to provide a nuanced understanding of the current threats to security at the household, community, district and regional levels, and to examine how these dynamics have changed in recent years. The study examined conflict mitigation initiatives, including access to and efficacy of these systems.

Coverage Assessment

December 2015

Coverage assessments were conducted by ACF-UK in the Karamoja region from January to March 2015, in conjunction with UNICEF, WFP and MoH. The objectives of these assessments were: To map out point or period estimates of coverage of targeted areas; Identify boosters and barriers affecting coverage of OTC/SFP programs in the seven districts of the Karamoja region; In collaboration with key partners and the MoH, develop specific recommendations to improve acceptance and coverage of the program; Build capacity in MoH and key partners’ SLEAC/SQUEAC methodologies.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment – Executive Summary

August 2015
By: World Food Programme

Food security and nutrition assessment for Karamoja region, July-August 2015

Community-based Animal Health Workers: Where Are We Now? Lessons from Ethiopia, Kenya, and South Sudan

February 2015

A policy brief on evidence on community-based animal health workers in Ethiopia, Kenya, and South Sudan. At community-level, CAHWs are seen as valuable service providers and outperform other types of animal health care in most aspects of service provision. The main constraint is the supply of veterinary medicines in contexts of mixed policy support to veterinary privatization and limited government capacity to ensure the quality of imported or locally-manufactured medicines. In Kenya, these issues are compounded by a lack of policy or legislative support to CAHWs, combined with weak service provision by other providers in pastoralist areas

Final evaluation – Karamoja Livelihoods Programme

July 2015
By: Christoph Diederichs

The Karamoja Livelihoods Programme (KALIP) was a 4-year programme (2010-2015) to protect and enhance incomes and food security of the agro-pastoral communities in Karamoja and support them in building up their productive asset base. The global objective of the final evaluation mission was: “to make an overall independent assessment about the past performance of KALIP, paying particularly attention to the impact of the actions against its objectives.” The overall objective of KALIP was: “to promote development as an incentive to peace in the region by supporting agro-pastoral production livelihood alternatives and income generation opportunities for the people of Karamoja.” The Supervising Authority for KALIP was the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) and the donor was the European Union.

WFP and Unicef Karamoja Region Food Security and Nutrition Assessment – June 2015

June 2015
By: World Food Programme

Nearly half of households are currently food insecure with either borderline or poor Food Consumption Score, mainly due to the lean season that has seen a decline in food stocks at household level and contributed to food price rises (therefore reducing economic ability to purchase food). While food security status has marginally improved since June 2014, Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) levels have deteriorated and are at highest levels since 2010

Maternal and Child Feeding and Caring Practices

October 2015
By: Xavier Nsabagasani

The formative study aimed to identify and gain an appreciation of existing knowledge, attitudes, practices (KAP) and beliefs that community members have regarding nutrition practices. It also sought to establish challenges (barriers) mothers face regarding adequate nutrition practices; what would make mothers start employing adequate nutrition practices (triggers and enhancers) and; incentives within the mothers’ immediate social environment that possibly trigger adequate and appropriate nutritional practices.

A Comprehensive Assessment of WFP NUSAF2 Karamoja Region

November 2014
By: World Food Programme

The key objective of the assessment was a follow-up to the NUSAF2 assessment of 2013 in order to monitor outcomes on an annual basis

The Karamoja Integrated Development Plan II

December 2014

The Karamoja Integrated Development Plan is a strategy and framework to enhance coordination efforts in addressing development gaps in the Karamoja region

Trees and Livelihoods in Karamoja, Uganda

December 2014

This report presents results of a rapid desk review of academic and grey literature on the evidence relating to trees and livelihoods in Karamoja a region in north eastern Uganda. The review identified the range of problems in the Karamoja sub-region; benefits of trees to people and communities living in Karamoja; the role of trees in resilience building; role of trees in agricultural production, traditional knowledge of trees in Karamoja; threats to trees, drivers of development in Karamoja; tree-based initiatives in the sub-region; and opportunities for action research in Karamoja.

A Feasibility Study of Cash Transfer Programmes in Karamoja

November 2014
By: World Food Programme

The assessment reached over 1,100 households and primarily sought to assess the food security status of WFP beneficiaries and key aspects of market functionality with the view to inform potential cash/voucher programming in Karamoja.

Can Markets Work for the Turkana Pastoralists? An Analysis of Livestock Market Systems in Turkana County

October 2014
By: ACTED

The following assessment was carried out in order to provide a contextual analysis of the livestock market systems in Turkana County. This analysis aims to contribute to an understanding of the wider context of pastoralist livestock systems that will fit into MAP͛'s existing livestock strategy.

Protecting Milk Supply to Pastoralist Children: Good Practice from the Milk Matters Project in Ethiopia

March 2015
By: USAID East Africa Resilience Learning Project

This technical brief provides an overview of Milk Matters, how it was designed, and the results achieved. The brief summarizes the key lessons from the project and discusses the need for further testing of the approach in other countries. The brief also asks whether Milk Matters might be used to reduce chronic malnutrition or stunting. In mid-2008 workers from Save the Children and Tufts University in Ethiopia came together to try to better understand and address the longstanding problem of acute malnutrition in pastoralist children.With funding from the US Office for Foreign Disaster Assistance, the Milk Matters project was started and worked with Somali pastoralists in Ethiopia to design and test new approaches for preventing wasting. Central to the approach was recognition of the seasonality of food access in pastoralist areas, and the high nutritional value of animal milk. It was also known that the long dry season was the critical period in terms of the risk of acute child malnutrition, due to declining access to milk at this time.

Impact Assessment Report for the Regional Initiative in Support of Pastoralists and Agro Pastoralists in the Horn of Africa (RISPA)

April 2014
By: Mike Wekesa, Omeno Suji

The report presents the relevance of the RISPA project to pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihoods in the HoA; its implementation performance; effectiveness in achieving expected results; efficiency; cross-cutting issues; impact; key issues/lessons learned from implementation and makes recommendations to be considered in future. The Project supported community action plans, government coordination structures and regional policies/ institutions in support of pastoral livelihoods in order to strengthen the resilience of agro-pastoral and pastoral communities and to diversify their livelihoods strategies and options.

WFP and Unicef Food Security and Nutrition Assessment – June 2014

June 2014
By: World Food Programme

Food security and nutrition assessment for the Karamoja region.

Food Security & Nutrition Assessment (FSNA) in Karamoja

December 2014
By: Dr. Henry Wamani

Status of Livestock Water Sources in Karamoja Sub-Region, Uganda

January 2014
By: Egeru Anthony, Kayiwa Stephen, Swidiq Mugerwa

This paper provides key findings on the status of water sources for livestock watering in Karamoja, particularly in the districts of Napak, Moroto and Kotido.

Household Economy Baseline Assessment (HEA)

March 2014
By: Tanya Boudreau

This assessment was conducted in order to provide a solid base of livelihoods-related evidence to inform a 27-month (October 2013 – December 2015) FAO-implemented project in Karamoja sub-region titled “Strengthening Adaptive Capacity of Agro-Pastoral communities and the Local Government to Reduce Impacts of Climate Risk on Livelihoods in Karamoja, Uganda.

Karamoja Food Security Assessment

March 2014
By: Food and Agriculture Organization, Government of Uganda, World Food Programme

February 2014 assessment of food security for the region. The main causes of current household food insecurity in Karamoja can be attributed to a combination of reduced access to food and insufficient food production (availability) across the region.

Nutrition Surveillance Data Analysis Karamoja, Uganda December 2009-May 2012

August 2013
By: Action Against Hunger

Between December 2009 and May 2012, the District Health Office with support from ACF-USA implemented a UNICEF-funded nutrition project to reduce child mortality through strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Health in detection and treatment of acute malnutrition in Uganda. One of the expected results of this project was to have a functional nutrition surveillance system established and strengthened in six districts within Karamoja region (Kaabong, Abim, Kotido, Moroto/Napak, Nakapiripirit, and Amudat).

Community Based Resilience Analysis (CoBRA) Assessment Report

January 2014

The first comprehensive CoBRA assessment in Uganda was undertaken in the districts of Kotido and Kaabong, Karamoja sub-region on the 15th-26th July 2013. This assessment builds on the initial field trial of the draft CoBRA tool undertaken in Karamoja in late 2012. The multi-agency assessment was jointly led by the UNDP DDC and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM). This report outlines findings of the Kotido/Kaabong CoBRA assessment. It also incorporates key feedback and consolidated inputs.

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Karamoja Region

January 2014
By: Dr. Henry Wamani

FAO/GIEWS Livestock and Market Assessment Mission to Karamoja Region, Uganda

April 2014
By: Ian Robinson, Mario Zappacosta

Livelihood Dynamics in Northern Karamoja: A Participatory Baseline Study for the SUSTAIN Project

May 2013
By: Darlington Akabwai, Geze Bekele, John Burns

This report documents the findings of a livelihoods assessment carried out as part of the USAID funded Sustainable Transformation in Agriculture and Nutrition (SUSTAIN) project being implemented by Mercy Corps and partners in the Karamoja sub-region of Northeastern Uganda. The overall goal of the SUSTAIN project is to promote peace and food security through three complementary strategic objectives aimed at (1) strengthening livelihoods, (2) improving nutritional outcomes for children under two and (3) building local capacities for conflict mitigation.The project is being implemented in three districts of Northern Karamoja, Abim, Kaabong and Kotido. The objective of this particular study is to inform implementation and collect baseline impact indicators for the activities under objective # 1. Under this objective (livelihoods strengthening)the project aims to improve productivity, market access, marketing behaviors and the overall business environment.

Community-Based Animal Health Workers in the Horn of Africa: An Evaluation for the Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance

March 2014
By: Andy Catley, Dawit Abebe, Geze Bekele, Raphael Lotira, Tim Leyland

Evaluation of USAID Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)-funded Community-Based Animal Health Worker (CAHW) programs in the Horn of Africa

Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in the Karamoja Region

May 2013
By: Dr. Arthur Bagonza, Dr. Henry Wamani

The impact of VSF-Belgium’s interventions on conflict in Karamoja: a research on conflict and peace

July 2013
By: Tine Deschacht

The objective of this study is to look at the impact of VSF-B's interventions on conflict in the Karamoja region.

Nutrition and Food Security in Karamoja Region

January 2013
By: Dr. Arthur Bagonza, Dr. Henry Wamani

Nutrition Surveillance Data Analysis (December 2009-May 2012)

August 2013
By: Action Contre La Faim

The nutrition surveillance system was implemented by conducting regular surveys (multi-stage cluster sampling methodology), three times a year at the same time of year (May, September and December), collecting data on key anthropometric, health, food security and livelihoods and WASH indicators. By May 2012, by the end the District Health Office with support ACF-USA had conducted eight rounds of nutrition surveillance surveys and reports shared with stakeholders. This report presents the results of the meta-analysis of the eight surveys combined, creating a sample of 17,696 children under 5 years of age and 13,973 households.

Identification of Livestock Investment Opportunities in Uganda

August 2012
By: Agriterra

The purpose of this study is to identify investment opportunities in the livestock sector in Uganda. Undertaken with financial support by the Netherlands Embassy (EKN) in Uganda, the study support’s EKN’s policy of stimulating food security and economic diplomacy in Uganda.

Karamoja Cattle Market Assessment Report

March 2013
By: Sustainable Transformation in Agriculture and Nutrition (SUSTAIN) Project

Nutrition Surveillance Karamoja Region, Uganda Round 6, September 2011 Annexes

September 2011
By: Action Against Hunger

Animal Health Sector Assessment Report (Abim, Kaabong, and Kotido)

May 2013
By: Gratian Nareebah, Juliet Aduto, Regina Akello

The Animal Health sector assessment was conducted by the team of 3 members; Gratian, Juliet and Regina in Abim, Kotido, Kaabong and outside Karamoja in Lira, Soroti and Mbale to understand the systemic functionality; major players, development actors, support functions, loopholes and challenges, actor/agency relations, drug supply chain as well as the formal and informal rules governing the sector.

Formative evaluation of World Food Programme’s Livelihoods Programme, Karamoja, Uganda: Final Report

July 2012
By: Agnes Atyang, Joseph Barnes, Julian Gayfer, Mary Jennings

The purpose of this evaluation is to provide an independent assessment on the merit and worth of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) strategy on livelihoods recovery in Karamoja1. The object of the evaluation is the DFID funded WFP Livelihood Programme (2010 -2013); an element of the Government of Uganda (GoU) led second Northern Uganda Social Action Fund (NUSAF 2). This formative evaluation looks at the effectiveness, efficiency, relevance and the sustainability of the approaches that have been adopted by WFP and its partners.

Nutrition Surveillance, Karamoja Region, Uganda, Round 7, December 2011

December 2011
By: Action Against Hunger

Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2011

August 2012
By: Uganda Bureau of Statistics

The main objective of the 2011 UDHS was to obtain current statistical data on the Ugandan population’s demographic characteristics, family planning efforts, maternal mortality, and infant and child mortality. Another objective was to collect information on health care services and activities, antenatal, delivery, and postnatal care, children’s immunisations, and management of childhood diseases. In addition, the survey was designed to evaluate the nutritional status of mothers and children, to measure the prevalence of anaemia among women and children, to assess the level of knowledge about HIV and AIDS among men and women, and to determine the extent of interpersonal violence.

The Contribution of Livestock to the Ugandan Economy

January 2012
By: Margaret Nakirya, Roy Behnke

This is the fifth in a series of reports on the contribution of livestock to the economies of the IGAD member states. Building on methodologies developed in earlier studies of the role of livestock in the economies of Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, the present report undertakes an assessment of the contribution of livestock to Uganda’s national economy.

Nutrition Surveillance Karamoja Region, Uganda Round 6, September 2011

September 2011
By: Action Against Hunger

The sixth round of nutrition surveillance in Karamoja region was conducted through August/September 2011 in collaboration with District Health Offices (DHOs). Data were collected from 15-19/08/2011 in south Karamoja (Nakapiripirit, Amudat and Moroto/Napak) and from 31/08/2011-5/09/2011 in North Karamoja (Abim, Kaabong and Abim).

Rapid assessment for the prevention and control of Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD)

September 2014
By: Dr Clarisse Ingabire

Assist the Veterinary Services of Uganda to assess FMD, and suggest enhancements to prevent further spread; examine and advise on strategic interventions to be implemented, and future coordination; develop a detailed short and medium term action plan for resource mobilization at national and regional levels.

KRSU Publication

Trends in Livelihood Systems and Livestock Markets in Karamoja

May 2019
By: Yacob Aklilu

KRSU Publication

Angering Akujů: Survival and Suffering in Karamoja

December 2007
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites

A Report on Livelihoods and Human Security in the Karamoja Region of Uganda

KRSU Publication

Out-migration, Return, and Resettlement in Karamoja, Uganda: The case of Kobulin, Bokora County

June 2007
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites

As part of a larger project entitled “Livelihoods and Human Security in Karamoja,” this briefing paper presents findings on causal factors and broad patterns in out-migration among the Bokora population.

KRSU Publication

Five Years On: Livelihood Advances, Innovations, and Continuing Challenges in Karamoja, Uganda

September 2017
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites, Kimberly Howe

A quantitative analysis of a representative group of villages indicates that there has been a widespread increase in the utilization of services as well as improvement to well-being for residents of northern Karamoja since 2013

KRSU Publication

Foraging and Fighting: Community Perspectives on Natural Resources and Conflict in Southern Karamoja

August 2010
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites, Lorin Fries

In our research in Karamoja since 2005, respondents often discuss problems with natural resource access and availability, and with comparable frequency they describe conflict with neighboring or nearby groups who are also accessing natural resources.

KRSU Publication

Life in Town: Migration from rural Karamoja to Moroto and Mbale

March 2012
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites

The phenomenon of out-migration from Karamoja is well known and widely discussed both by rural residents in the region and by officials in receiving cities

KRSU Publication

Pastoralist Community Harmonization in the Karamoja Cluster: Taking it to the Next Level

February 2001
By: Larry Minear

The resulting review gives PCHI high marks for its work on both the animal health and conflict resolution fronts, and in developing synergies between them

KRSU Publication

“We Now Have Relative Peace” ; Changing Conflict Dynamics in Northern Karamoja, Uganda

November 2015
By: Darlington Akabwai, Elizabeth Stites, Kimberly Howe

The objective of the study was to provide a nuanced understanding of the current threats to security at the household, community, district and regional levels, and to examine how these dynamics have changed in recent years.

KRSU Publication

Financial Services in Karamoja A Rapid Review

July 2017

The review is an initial exploratory and rapid assessment of financial services in the region and was conducted over a short time frame. The aim to flag issues for more detailed analysis and follow up, rather than being a comprehensive study on financial services.

KRSU Publication

Reconsidering the Livestock Value Chain in Dryland Areas for Resilience Building

May 2019
By: Shuaib Lwasa

KRSU Publication

Distress Sales of Cattle by the Bodi: Agro-Pastoralists Subsidizing Sugar Industrialization in the lower Omo Valley, Ethiopia

May 2019
By: Fana Gebresenbet

KRSU Publication

Livestock, Wealth and Poverty in Karamoja

May 2019
By: Andy Catley, Mesfin Ayele

KRSU Publication

Understanding Competing Border Narratives; Access to Resources and Conflicts in Karamoja

May 2019
By: Frank Muhereza

KRSU Publication

Gender Dynamics and Water Conflicts in Communal Boreholes in Turkana County, Kenya

May 2019
By: Caroline Mwea

KRSU Publication

Women’s Knowledge Systems and Peace Building Among the Pastoral Communities of Northern Kenya: A Special reference to West Pokot County

May 2019
By: Linnet Hamasi Henry

KRSU Publication

Pathways from Peace to Resilience: Examples from Karamoja and the Greater Horn of Africa

May 2019
By: David Gatare

KRSU Publication

Green Water and Livestock Mobility in Karamoja: Understanding the Karamoja phrase “We follow our water”

May 2019
By: Benon Nabassa

KRSU Publication

The Cosmo-Politics of a Land Deal at the Kalobeyi Refugee Settlement in Turkana, Kenya

May 2019
By: Cory Rodgers

KRSU Publication

Appreciative Enquiry to Traditional Land Administration in Karamoja, Uganda: An Opportunity for Transformative Conflict Management

May 2019
By: Lena Godfrey Lodwang

KRSU Publication

Friendship, Kinship and Social Risk Management Strategies Among Pastoralists in Karamoja

May 2019
By: Padmini Iyer

KRSU Publication

An Ordinary Language of Survey of Notions of Resilience in Ngakaramojong

May 2019
By: Angella Godfrey

KRSU Publication

Changing Landscapes and Livelihoods in Turkana County, Kenya

May 2019
By: Gregory Akall

KRSU Publication

The Rural to Urban Livelihoods Shift in Karamoja: Gendered Implications

May 2019
By: Elizabeth Stites

KRSU Publication

Diversification and Livelihoods Recovery in Post-Disarmament Karamoja

May 2019
By: Frank Muhereza

KRSU Publication

Determinant’s for Children’s Malnutrition in Nadunget and Namalu sub-counties in Karamoja, Northern Uganda

May 2019
By: Tina Koch

KRSU Publication

Understanding the Causes and Seasonality of Malnutrition in Karamoja

May 2019
By: Raphael Lotira

KRSU Publication

Enablers, Difficulties and Hindrances of Nutrition Recommendations Applications in Nadunget sub-county – An Analysis of Women’s Perceptions

May 2019
By: Tina Koch

KRSU Publication

Using Creative Research Methodologies to Understand Adolescent Nutrition Realities in Kenya and Uganda

May 2019
By: Theresa Jones

KRSU Publication

Key Barriers and Enablers of Consumption of Animal Source Foods by Women in Four Districts of Southern Karamoja

May 2019
By: Gudrun Stallkamp

KRSU Publication

Energy Economics, Climate Change and Renewables in East African Drylands

May 2019
By: Immo Eulenberger

KRSU Publication

Digging for Power: A Research into Women’s Experience of Extractive Industries Development in Karamoja

May 2019
By: Alexia Falisse

KRSU Publication

Building a Culture of Adaptive Management: Cases from Northern Uganda

May 2019
By: Melaku Yirga

KRSU Publication

The Role of Disaster Risk Financing in Building Resilience in Poor Communities in Karamoja

May 2019
By: Celestine Katangole

KRSU Publication

VETERINARY SERVICES IN KARAMOJA, UGANDA: A REVIEW

November 2016
By: Dawit Abebe

This aim of this report is to document the experiences of veterinary service delivery in Karamoja and draw lessons to guide a strategy for future service provision, aligned to Uganda’s animal health policies and legislation.

KRSU Publication

LOOKING FOR WORK: WAGE LABOR, EMPLOYMENT, AND MIGRATION IN KARAMOJA, UGANDA

August 2017
By: M. Mosebo, Padmini Iyer

The main purpose of this assessment is to document and analyze trends in labor and employment in the non-pastoral labor sectors within and outside Karamoja, and to investigate how individual- and macrolevel factors influence participation in the labor market.

KRSU Publication

PASTORALIST AND LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT IN KARAMOJA, UGANDA

October 2017

This review examines regional policies and programming initiatives in East Africa and the Horn of Africa related to pastoral areas development, and their relevance to the Karamoja Region of Uganda.

KRSU Publication

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN KARAMOJA, UGANDA: RECENT TRENDS IN LIVESTOCK AND CROP SYSTEMS, AND RESILIENCE IMPACTS

March 2018
By: Adrian Cullis

This report is a review of agricultural development trends in the Karamoja sub-region of northeast Uganda. The review covered both crop farming and transhumance livestock management and examined agriculture at the levels of both policy and programming.

KRSU Publication

THE SILENT GUN: CHANGES IN ALCOHOL PRODUCTION, SALE, AND CONSUMPTION IN POST-DISARMAMENT KARAMOJA, UGANDA

September 2018
By: Elizabeth Stites, J Sekajja, Padmini Iyer

Research and observations over the past decade have pointed to the high prevalence of alcohol use in Karamoja. Brews made locally of sorghum and maize have sociocultural, nutritional, and economic significance.

KRSU Publication

LIVESTOCK AND POVERTY IN KARAMOJA AN ANALYSIS OF LIVESTOCK OWNERSHIP, THRESHOLDS, AND POLICY IMPLICATIONS

October 2018
By: Andy Catley, Mesfin Ayele

In pastoralist and agro-pastoralist households in East Africa, livestock not cash are usually the main financial asset. Animals are sold to buy grain and to meet other domestic needs, and animals also provide food, especially milk, for direct human consumption.

KRSU Publication

RAPID ASSESSMENT OF COVID-19 IMPACTS IN KARAMOJA, UGANDA

August 2020

This technical report describes the impacts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) restrictions in the Karamoja sub-region of Uganda, based on field assessments in Amudat, Moroto and Abim Districts. The COVID-19 prevention guidelines that prompted total lockdown measures included market closure and travel restrictions which in turn affected the essential economic activities of many households, especially the poor.

KRSU Publication

Livestock Trade Dynamics in Karamoja-Trends in market activity and policy issues

March 2018
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

In early 2016, a detailed report on livestock marketing in Karamoja, Uganda was published by the USAID/East Africa Resilience Learning Project, and described a dynamic trade and supply of livestock to markets in Uganda, Kenya, and South Sudan. As a follow-up to the 2016 report, in 2017 USAID/Uganda commissioned a short assessment to update information on livestock market trends and issues in Karamoja.

KRSU Publication

Agriculture in Karamoja-The need for integrated livestock-crop development

August 2018
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

This Policy Brief explores the role of agriculture in Karamoja’s development, and in particular, the need to support balanced and integrated livestock-crop strategies.

KRSU Publication

Livestock in Karamoja, Uganda- The Economic Value of Agropastoral and Pastoral Systems

November 2020
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Across the East Africa region livestock are an important asset for rural households, and livestock products contribute to human nutrition, and to local, national and regional economies. However, in some countries there has been a longstanding issue of under-investment in the livestock sector, and this problem has been associated with official underestimates of livestock’s contribution to national economies.

KRSU Publication

Livestock for Livelihoods- Priorities for livestock development in Karamoja, Uganda

September 2016
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Many areas of East Africa are responding to growing demands for livestock products, from both within the region and internationally. In Ethiopia and Kenya, pastoralist and agropastoralist producers supply most of the animals and milk to domestic markets, and live animals and chilled meat for export. This supply from the region’s drylands is supported by a changing policy environment at regional and national levels, with increasing recognition of the economic contributions of extensive, mobile livestock production systems, and the value of these systems in areas with highly variable rainfall.

KRSU Publication

Drought Risk Management in Karamoja: A Review of Functionality and Capacity

July 2021
By: Edward Okori, Raphael Lotira, Yacob Aklilu

In the history of Karamoja, drought has been one of the most important types of disaster, with major impacts on livelihoods. For livestock-owning households, drought can push both wealthy and poorer households into destitution, and the recovery of herds, their main form of financial capital, takes many years. Drought also has serious impacts on crop production and can decimate harvests. In the case of livestock interventions, there have been notable developments in effective drought response in many countries in the wider East Africa region, including novel partnerships between government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and private sector to provide early and more cost-effective programming.