Karamoja Library

Welcome to the Karamoja Library. The library contains a wide selection of technical reports, studies, evaluations and other materials on Karamoja, produced by various organizations and authors. Please use the search below to browse the library.

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KRSU Publication

Food Security, Nutrition, and Conflict Assessment in Karamoja, Uganda

August 2022
By: Raphael Lotira, Mesfin Ayele

In mid-2020, the Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU) conducted a rapid assessment that described the impact of COVID-19 containment measures on rural livelihoods in Karamoja (Arasio et al. 20201). The assessment also forecast how disease restrictions would affect livelihoods over the following six to eight months (into early 2021). The initial assessment examined household wellbeing during COVID-19 relative to a normal (good) and bad (drought) year in Karamoja’s three main livelihood zones, represented by Amudat District (predominantly pastoralist but with some emerging crop production), Moroto District (predominantly agropastoralist), and Abim District (with high dependence on crop production, but also using livestock).

KRSU Publication

Fighting alcoholism in Karamoja

July 2022

Following disarmament in Karamoja, north east Uganda, which began in 2010 and continues to date, the consumption, production and sale of alcohol experienced a dramatic increase. Consequently, health, household wealth and relationships have been significantly affected as a result of the negative effects on communities and individuals.

KRSU Publication

Livestock in Karamoja: improving markets and veterinary services

July 2022

As Karamoja is a predominantly a pastoralist region, market trading of livestock is key to the region’s economy. However, a number of factors – ranging from policies and seasonality to price trends and market types – prevent livestock value chain actors from maximising their income and achieving livelihood security.

KRSU Publication

Tackling malnutrition: understanding local needs and factors behind seasonal hunger

July 2022

Child malnutrition and stunting have posed challenges to populations in East Africa and the Horn of Africa for several decades. However, rates have not only continued to increase during this time, but now have a broader impact: for many years, it was primarily youngsters in agrarian communities that bore the brunt of the impact. Today, the effects are being experienced by both adults and children in pastoralist communities, and are exacerbated by ongoing population growth.

KRSU Publication

Improving practice: enhancing pastoralism policy

July 2022

Although extensive research has been conducted into pastoralism, the sector – from its actors and systems to economic and environmental impacts – remains largely misunderstood. This is exacerbated by the fact that those living and working in pastoral communities often have trouble effectively expressing the processes they engage in and the benefits of pastoralism.


June 2022

The third Karamoja Integrated Development Plan (hereafter KIDP3) covers the period 2021/22 to 2025/26. The design of the KIDP3 was preceded by a review of the performance of the KIDP2, both of which were commissioned by the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM) and Ministry for Karamoja Affairs (MfKA), and supported by the Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU) of Tufts University.

KRSU Publication

Drought Risk Management in Karamoja: Challenges and Opportunities

January 2022
By: Yacob Aklilu

This Briefing Paper presents the main findings from the review report. The review considered the roles of the National Emergency Coordination Center (NECOC) and District Disaster Management Committees (DDMCs) in collecting and analyzing early warning information, and in timely response to drought.

KRSU Publication

Drought Risk Management in Karamoja: A Review of Functionality and Capacity

July 2021
By: Yacob Aklilu, Raphael Lotira, Edward Okori

In the history of Karamoja, drought has been one of the most important types of disaster, with major impacts on livelihoods. For livestock-owning households, drought can push both wealthy and poorer households into destitution, and the recovery of herds, their main form of financial capital, takes many years. Drought also has serious impacts on crop production and can decimate harvests. In the case of livestock interventions, there have been notable developments in effective drought response in many countries in the wider East Africa region, including novel partnerships between government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and private sector to provide early and more cost-effective programming.

KRSU Publication

Alcohol Consumption, Production and Sale in Karamoja

March 2021
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Alcohol consumption in Karamoja, Uganda’s pastoralist-dominated northeastern region, is a well-known and frequently discussed phenomenon in the policy and practice space. Brews made locally of sorghum and maize have sociocultural, nutritional and economic significance. Brewing also serves as a relatively stable and lucrative economic activity for women, in addition to featuring prominently in the adult diet. However, an emerging trend in alcohol use that has become a cause for concern among health officials, development practitioners and, especially, community members themselves is the rise in consumption of hard spirits. The import and production of homemade crude liquor and commercial gin (waragi) into Karamoja is said to have increased dramatically in recent years. Reportedly, its consumption has had visible effects on household economy, interpersonal relationships, and the health and wellbeing of the communities.

KRSU Publication

Gender, youth and development in Karamoja: Issues and opportunities

February 2021
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Livelihood systems in the Karamoja sub-region of northeastern Uganda have undergone substantial changes in the past two decades due to a number of interlinked processes, including disarmament and improved security, the erosion of pastoral-based production for many households, and the expansion of markets. These transformations have brought new social and economic options for many young people at the same time that existing ecological, cultural and political constraints shape the ways in which these opportunities can be realized. This briefing paper presents evidence from data collected by Feinstein International Center, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy at Tufts University under the Apolou Activity on development opportunities and challenges facing young men and women in the region.

KRSU Publication

Livestock in Karamoja, Uganda- The Economic Value of Agropastoral and Pastoral Systems

November 2020
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

Across the East Africa region livestock are an important asset for rural households, and livestock products contribute to human nutrition, and to local, national and regional economies. However, in some countries there has been a longstanding issue of under-investment in the livestock sector, and this problem has been associated with official underestimates of livestock’s contribution to national economies.

KRSU Publication

Rapid Assessment of COVID-19 impacts in Karamoja, Uganda

September 2020
By: Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU)

This technical report describes the impacts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) restrictions in the Karamoja sub-region of Uganda, based on field assessments in Amudat, Moroto and Abim Districts. The COVID-19 prevention guidelines that prompted total lockdown measures included market closure and travel restrictions which in turn affected the essential economic activities of many households, especially the poor. These restrictions were implemented in March 2020 and were still in place in August 2020.