Our Publications

Since 2014 the KRSU has produced a wide range of publications on Karamoja. Our publications include detailed research and assessment reports, short evidence briefs and policy briefs, journal papers, training materials and reports for the Pastoralism and Policy Course, and inventories of donor and NGO activity in Karamoja.

Papers from the regional conference in 2019 Pathways to Resilience in the Karamoja Cluster are also available as original conference papers and abstracts, and selected papers were published in a Special Issue of the Pastoralism journal in 2021.

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KRSU Publication

The 2022 Humanitarian Crisis in Karamoja, Uganda: A real-time review

November 2022
By: Raphael Lotira Arasio, Adrian Cullis

This real-time review aims to document the events that led to Karamoja’s hunger crisis in 2022, the reporting of the worsening situation by early warning systems, and the responses of the Government of Uganda and the international aid community. The review took place from the September 27–October 21, 2022.

KRSU Publication

The Return of Conflict in Karamoja, Uganda: Community Perspectives

October 2022
By: Raphael Lotira, Elizabeth Stites

After nearly 10 years of relative peace, conflict and insecurity returned to the Karamoja sub-region of northeastern Uganda starting in 2019. This assessment investigates this resumption of conflict and insecurity from the perspective of the communities most involved and affected.

KRSU Publication

Conflict in Karamoja: A Synthesis of Historical and Current Perspectives, 1920-2022

October 2022
By: Elizabeth Stites

This knowledge synthesis focuses on violent conflict in the Karamoja sub-region of northeastern Uganda. While violence and conflict both can and do take many forms, this synthesis takes as its focus the phenomenon of cattle raiding and associated violence. This knowledge synthesis briefly describes the concept and role of cattle raiding within pastoral societies in East Africa and the Karamoja Cluster and then examines different historical periods and experiences of violent conflict associated with cattle raiding within the Karamoja sub-region.

KRSU Publication

Educating Girls in Karamoja, Uganda: Barriers, Benefits, and Terms of Inclusion in the Perspectives of Girls, their Communities, and their Teachers

September 2022
By: Barbara Athieno, Caroline Dyer, Elizabeth Stites

This scoping report investigates barriers, benefits, and “terms of inclusion” for girls’ education in the Karamoja sub-region of Uganda. Karamoja has some of the lowest education indicators in the country, with females generally faring much worse than males. The report examines the experiences and perceptions of girls, male and female community members, and teachers about girls’ education in the region, drawing on an assessment that took place from June to August 2022 in 10 sites in four districts: Amudat, Kaabong, Moroto, and Napak.

KRSU Publication

Education in East Africa’s Pastoralist Areas: Why are girls still not going to school?

September 2022

This briefing paper presents learnings from global, and specifically East African, experience to support concerned stakeholders in thinking transformatively about education inclusion in Karamoja. While Karamoja is also home to agriculturalists, this paper focuses specifically on education among those pursuing livelihoods as pastoralists and agro-pastoralists, and particularly on the education of girls in those communities.

KRSU Publication

Food Security, Nutrition, and Conflict Assessment in Karamoja, Uganda

August 2022
By: Raphael Lotira, Mesfin Ayele

In mid-2020, the Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU) conducted a rapid assessment that described the impact of COVID-19 containment measures on rural livelihoods in Karamoja (Arasio et al. 20201). The assessment also forecast how disease restrictions would affect livelihoods over the following six to eight months (into early 2021). The initial assessment examined household wellbeing during COVID-19 relative to a normal (good) and bad (drought) year in Karamoja’s three main livelihood zones, represented by Amudat District (predominantly pastoralist but with some emerging crop production), Moroto District (predominantly agropastoralist), and Abim District (with high dependence on crop production, but also using livestock).

KRSU Publication

Tackling malnutrition: understanding local needs and factors behind seasonal hunger

July 2022

Child malnutrition and stunting have posed challenges to populations in East Africa and the Horn of Africa for several decades. However, rates have not only continued to increase during this time, but now have a broader impact: for many years, it was primarily youngsters in agrarian communities that bore the brunt of the impact. Today, the effects are being experienced by both adults and children in pastoralist communities, and are exacerbated by ongoing population growth.

KRSU Publication

Improving practice: enhancing pastoralism policy

July 2022

Although extensive research has been conducted into pastoralism, the sector – from its actors and systems to economic and environmental impacts – remains largely misunderstood. This is exacerbated by the fact that those living and working in pastoral communities often have trouble effectively expressing the processes they engage in and the benefits of pastoralism.

KRSU Publication

Fighting alcoholism in Karamoja

July 2022

Following disarmament in Karamoja, north east Uganda, which began in 2010 and continues to date, the consumption, production and sale of alcohol experienced a dramatic increase. Consequently, health, household wealth and relationships have been significantly affected as a result of the negative effects on communities and individuals.

KRSU Publication

Livestock in Karamoja: improving markets and veterinary services

July 2022

As Karamoja is a predominantly a pastoralist region, market trading of livestock is key to the region’s economy. However, a number of factors – ranging from policies and seasonality to price trends and market types – prevent livestock value chain actors from maximising their income and achieving livelihood security.

KRSU Publication

Drought Risk Management in Karamoja: Challenges and Opportunities

January 2022
By: Yacob Aklilu

This Briefing Paper presents the main findings from the review report. The review considered the roles of the National Emergency Coordination Center (NECOC) and District Disaster Management Committees (DDMCs) in collecting and analyzing early warning information, and in timely response to drought.

KRSU Publication

Drought Risk Management in Karamoja: A Review of Functionality and Capacity

July 2021
By: Yacob Aklilu, Raphael Lotira, Edward Okori

In the history of Karamoja, drought has been one of the most important types of disaster, with major impacts on livelihoods. For livestock-owning households, drought can push both wealthy and poorer households into destitution, and the recovery of herds, their main form of financial capital, takes many years. Drought also has serious impacts on crop production and can decimate harvests. In the case of livestock interventions, there have been notable developments in effective drought response in many countries in the wider East Africa region, including novel partnerships between government, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and private sector to provide early and more cost-effective programming.