In July 2022 the Ugandan media reported that 900 people had died of hunger or hunger-related diseases in the Karamoja sub-region since February 2022, and that 8 out of 10 households had limited or no food.i
In mid-2020, the Karamoja Resilience Support Unit (KRSU) conducted a rapid assessment that described the impact of COVID-19 containment measures on rural livelihoods in Karamoja (Arasio et al. 20201). The assessment also forecast how disease restrictions would affect livelihoods over the following six to eight months (into early 2021). The initial assessment examined household wellbeing during COVID-19 relative to a normal (good) and bad (drought) year in Karamoja’s three main livelihood zones, represented by Amudat District (predominantly pastoralist but with some emerging crop production), Moroto District (predominantly agropastoralist), and Abim District (with high dependence on crop production, but also using livestock).
Child malnutrition and stunting have posed challenges to populations in East Africa and the Horn of Africa for several decades. However, rates have not only continued to increase during this time, but now have a broader impact: for many years, it was primarily youngsters in agrarian communities that bore the brunt of the impact. Today, the effects are being experienced by both adults and children in pastoralist communities, and are exacerbated by ongoing population growth.
The objectives of this study are to i) map the current (parallel) supply chains for nutrition commodities; ii) provide recommendations for a more harmonized, effective and efficient supply chain of nutrition commodities in Karamoja specifically; and iii) develop a national strategy for phased effective integration of nutrition commodities that have been managed separately from the mainstream supply chain.
Overall food security classification shows that half of the population in Karamoja (50%) is food insecure, of which 12% were found to be severely food insecure.
In 2016, the World Food Programme (WFP) engaged ACF International to conduct an assessment of both supplementary feeding programme (SFP) for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and the outpatient feeding programme (OTP) for the treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM).
The purpose is to go beyond generic interventions by identifying really context-specific causes in order to propose adequate solutions. The seasonality of under-nutrition can for example be very different from one livelihood zone to another. A Link NCA is not a statistical demonstration of nutrition causality that can be generalized at a national level.
The formative study aimed to identify and gain an appreciation of existing knowledge, attitudes, practices (KAP) and beliefs that community members have regarding nutrition practices. It also sought to establish challenges (barriers) mothers face regarding adequate nutrition practices; what would make mothers start employing adequate nutrition practices (triggers and enhancers) and; incentives within the mothers’ immediate social environment that possibly trigger adequate and appropriate nutritional practices.
Between December 2009 and May 2012, the District Health Office with support from ACF-USA implemented a UNICEF-funded nutrition project to reduce child mortality through strengthening the capacity of the Ministry of Health in detection and treatment of acute malnutrition in Uganda. One of the expected results of this project was to have a functional nutrition surveillance system established and strengthened in six districts within Karamoja region (Kaabong, Abim, Kotido, Moroto/Napak, Nakapiripirit, and Amudat).
The nutrition surveillance system was implemented by conducting regular surveys (multi-stage cluster sampling methodology), three times a year at the same time of year (May, September and December), collecting data on key anthropometric, health, food security and livelihoods and WASH indicators. By May 2012, by the end the District Health Office with support ACF-USA had conducted eight rounds of nutrition surveillance surveys and reports shared with stakeholders. This report presents the results of the meta-analysis of the eight surveys combined, creating a sample of 17,696 children under 5 years of age and 13,973 households.
The sixth round of nutrition surveillance in Karamoja region was conducted through August/September 2011 in collaboration with District Health Offices (DHOs). Data were collected from 15-19/08/2011 in south Karamoja (Nakapiripirit, Amudat and Moroto/Napak) and from 31/08/2011-5/09/2011 in North Karamoja (Abim, Kaabong and Abim).